Nervousness or anxiety affects people of all ages. It is essential to understand the extent of nervousness a child or a person is suffering from and how it is affecting his/her life. Based on the age and the problem, various types of medications are available for teens, adults and elders.
Nervousness medication for teens:
Being a teenager can be quite stressful, both for children and their parents. Many teenagers experience nervousness and don’t have specific tools to cope with it. Some teens worry excessively, struggle to sleep, have the same negative thoughts, and also face trouble socializing with others. They may even have physical symptoms like nausea, fatigue, or muscle aches. In these cases, a teen might be suffering from diagnosable nervousness problem.
When such nervousness problems are not treated, they put the adolescents at risk of low performance at school, poor social skills, etc. Mental health professionals generally state that cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is the most commonly-used type of talk therapy for teens. Some mental health professionals may suggest that teens take anxiety medication too along with therapies.
Types of Anxiety Medications:
- Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) SSRIs are antidepressants that are commonly prescribed to treat anxiety.
- Serotonin-Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs)—SNRIs work by increasing serotonin and norepinephrine and preventing brain cells from reabsorbing them.
- Tricyclic Antidepressants (TCAs) if SSRIs or SNRIs are ineffective, the doctor may prescribe a tricyclic antidepressant.
- Benzodiazepines are not given to treat teens with nervousness disorders because there is a risk of developing a tolerance to the drug and becoming addicted to it.
Nervousness medication for adults:
- SSRI: Although selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are a type of antidepressant medication, it is commonly prescribed to people suffering from nervousness too. According to one article, doctors consider SSRIs to be the first-line drug treatment for anxiety.
- SNRI: Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) are another class of antidepressant medications that ate used to treat nervousness or anxiety. Doctors may also prescribe them to treat some chronic pain conditions.
- TCAs: Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) are another class of antidepressant drugs. Doctors often prescribe SSRIs instead of TCAs as they cause fewer side effects.
- Benzodiazepines: These are a type of sedative drug that reduces the physical symptoms of anxiety, such as tense muscles, etc. These drugs also encourage relaxation, and their effects take place within a few minutes. These drugs can also lead to addiction. Therefore, they are usually not preferred to be prescribed.
- Beta-blockers: They are a common medication for people who suffer from high blood pressure and heart conditions. However, doctors may prescribe them off-label for anxiety in certain situations.
- MAOIs: Monoamine oxidase inhibitors are one of the earliest types of drugs available for treating nervousness or anxiety. Doctors may prescribe them off-label to treat the symptoms of panic disorder and social phobia too.
Nervousness medications for the elderly:
Medication for nervousness or anxiety is “modestly beneficial” for very anxious elderly people. SSRIs are the medications prescribed for both nervousness and depression and are thought to work by changing and correcting an imbalance of the brain chemical-serotonin. In elderly people, the drugs may take longer to work and show the result. Therefore, it is essential to continue taking the drugs for a longer period of time to know the benefits.
SSRIs are considered as the first line drug treatment for nervousness or anxiety.