Everyone feels nervous now and then. It’s a normal emotion expressed by people. For example, someone may feel nervous when faced with a problem at work, before taking a test, or before making an important decision in life.
Nervousness also called as anxiety disorders are different. They are a group of mental illnesses, and they cause problems that don’t allow an individual to carry on with his/her normal life.
For people who suffer from such nervousness issues, worry and fear are constant and overwhelming and can be quite disturbing. However, with treatment, many people can manage those feelings and get back to a balanced life.
Researchers exactly don’t know what causes anxiety disorders or nervousness. Like other forms of mental illness, they are usually the result of a combination of things, including changes in the brain and environmental stress, and even the genes of a person. The disorders can run in families i.e. can be hereditary and could be linked to faulty circuits in the brain that controls fear and other emotions.
There are certain common factors that cause nervousness. They are:
- Stress at work
- Stress from school
- Stress in a personal relationship such as marriage
- Financial stress
- Stress from an emotional trauma such as the death of a loved one
- Stress from a serious medical illness
- A side effect of medication
- Use of an illicit drug, such as cocaine
- A symptom of medical illness (such as heart attack, heat stroke, hypoglycemia)
- Lack of oxygen in situations as diverse as high altitude sickness, emphysema, or pulmonary embolism (a blood clot in the vessels of the lung)
Types of Nervousness or Anxiety Disorders:
Anxiety disorder or nervousness is considered as a broad term that includes different mental conditions:
- Panic: This is a type of nervousness when terror strikes at random. During a panic attack, people may also sweat, have chest pain, and feel palpitations (unusually strong or irregular heartbeats). Sometimes a person may feel like choking or having a heart attack.
- Social nervousness or anxiety disorder: Also called social phobia, this is when an individual feels overwhelming worry and self-consciousness about everyday social situations. People keep thinking that others are judging them or they are being embarrassed or ridiculed.
- Specific phobias: People feel an intense fear of a specific object or situation, such as heights or flying. The fear goes beyond what’s appropriate and may cause them to avoid ordinary situations.
- Generalized anxiety disorder: In this type of nervousness, people feel excessive, unrealistic worry and tension with little or no reason.
Effects of Nervousness or Anxiety Disorders:
Everyone suffers from nervousness or anxiety from time to time, but chronic anxiety can alter our life, changing the quality of life. Anxiety not only has the effect of behavioural changes but also physical health. Let’s see how nervousness or anxiety affects the human body.
- Headaches: Headaches are common when a person is having constant worry and stress.
- Irritability: A person also tends to get irritated and show the feelings of irritability when he/she is stressed or nervous.
- Palpitations: Heart palpitations occur when someone is worried or nervous. A person may feel that the heart is beating quickly and heavily.
- Stomach Pain: People may suffer from stomach pain when nervous.
- Extreme Tiredness: People start feeling very tired when they suffer from nervousness or anxiety disorders. Sleeping at night may also appear to be a difficult task.
- Loss of sexual desires: Nervousness and anxiety can lower the person’s sexual desires.
- Increase in blood pressure: The blood pressure shoots up whenever a person is nervous or anxious.
- Muscle pains: Some people suffer from unexplained pains when feeling nervous.
Nervousness is usually the result of a combination of things, including changes in the brain and environmental stress, and even the genes of a person. The disorders can run in families i.e. can be hereditary and could be linked to faulty circuits in the brain that controls fear and other emotions.